رابطه طرح‌واره‌های ناسازگار اولیه و فرسودگی شغلی با نقش میانجی سرمایه روان‌شناختی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی (کمی )

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد رشته روانشناسی صنعتی-سازمانی،دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی واحد تنکابن،ایران

2 استادیار ، عضو هیات علمی، گروه روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تنکابن،ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، تحلیل رابطه بین طرح‌واره‌های ناسازگار اولیه و فرسودگی شغلی با نقش میانجی سرمایه روان‌شناختی است. روش تحقیق به لحاظ ماهیت، توصیفی-همبستگی و از حیث هدف کاربردی است. جامعه آماری پژوهش را مدیران مدارس ابتدایی شهر تهران که در سال تحصیلی 1398-1397 مشغول به خدمت تشکیل دادند. حجم نمونه با استفاده از روش خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای 200 نفر تعیین و انتخاب گردید. جهت گردآوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه‌های سرمایه‌های روان‌شناختی لوتانز (2007)، فرسودگی شغلی ماسلاچ و جکسون (۱۹۸۵) و طرح‌واره‌های ناسازگار اولیه یانگ (2006) استفاده گردید که روایی آن‌ها توسط خبرگان و صاحب‌نظران دانشگاهی و پایایی آن‌ها نیز از طریق آزمون ضریب آلفای کرونباخ مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. به‌منظور تحلیل داده‌ها از روش معادلات ساختاری با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری لیزرل ویرایش هشتم استفاده شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد طرح‌واره ناسازگار اولیه و ابعاد آن (بریدگی و طرد، خودگردانی و عملکرد مختل، محدودیت‌های مختل، دیگر جهت مندی و گوش‌به‌زنگی بیش‌ازحد و بازداری) با سرمایه‌های روان‌شناختی و ابعاد آن رابطه منفی و با فرسودگی شغلی رابطه مثبت و معناداری دارند. سرمایه روان‌شناختی با فرسودگی شغلی رابطه منفی و معناداری دارد و نهایتاً سرمایه روان‌شناختی در رابطه طرح‌واره‌های ناسازگار اولیه و فرسودگی شغلی نقش میانجی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The relationship between early maladaptive schemas and burnout with the mediating role of psychological capital

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Amini 1
  • Vahid Khoshravesh 2
1 Master of Industrial-Organizational Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon Branch, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Faculty Member, Department of Educational Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Tonekabon, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between early maladaptive schemas and burnout with the mediating role of psychological capital. The research method was descriptive-correlational in nature and applied in terms of purpose. The statistical population of the study was primary school principals in Tehran engaged in service in the school year 1397-98. The sample size was determined 200 individuals and selected using a multi-stage cluster sampling method. For data collection, the Lutans (2007) Psychological Capital Questionnaire, Maslach & Jackson (1985) burnout questionnaires, and Young's early maladaptive schemas (2006) were used. Their validity was confirmed by experts and academics and their reliability was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient test. In order to analyze the data, the structural equation method was used using LISREL statistical software, eighth edition. The results showed an early maladaptive schema and its dimensions (cut and rejection, impaired self-control and function, impaired limitations, other orientation and excessive distraction and inhibition) have a negative relationship with psychological capital and its dimensions, and a positive and significant relationship with burnout. Psychological capital has a negative and significant relationship with burnout and finally, psychological capital has a mediating role in the relationship between initial maladaptive schemas and burnout.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • early maladaptive schemas
  • burnout
  • psychological capital
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