تأثیر شبکه‌های اجتماعی در تغییر ویژگی‌های شخصیتی دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران غرب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد رشته علوم ارتباطات اجتماعی ،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران غرب،ایران

2 استادیار ، عضو هیئت علمی ، دانشگاه آزاد واحد تهران مرکزی ، تهران ، ایران

چکیده

تحقیق حاضر به بررسی تأثیر شبکه‌های اجتماعی در تغییر ویژگی‌های شخصیتی دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران غرب پرداخته است. جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل دانشجویان کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه آزاد واحد تهران غرب بود. بر طبق جدول مورگان 260 نفر با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده به‌عنوان نمونه پژوهش انتخاب شدند. ابزارهای جمع‌آوری داده و اطلاعات در این تحقیق شامل پرسشنامه محقق ساخته شبکه‌های اجتماعی و پرسشنامه ویژگی‌های شخصیتی گلدبرگ (1999) بودند. یافته‌های این تحقیق نشان داد 47 درصد از تبیین واریانس مربوط به تغییر ویژگی‌های شخصیتی دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران غرب متأثر از شبکه‌های اجتماعی است. همچنین نتایج آنالیز واریانس رگرسیونی مقدار ثابت و ضریب متغیرهای میزان استفاده، نوع استفاده و میزان اعتماد به کاربران به ترتیب برابر با 222/0، 295/0، 174/0 و 423/0 به دست آمد و با توجه به مقدار آماره آزمون t و سطح معناداری کمتر از 05/0 حضور ضرایب رگرسیونی مقدار ثابت و ضریب متغیرهای میزان استفاده، نوع استفاده و میزان اعتماد به کاربران تأیید شد. نتیجه این مطالعه نشان داد شبکه‌های اجتماعی در تغییر ویژگی‌های شخصیتی دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران غرب تأثیر دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the effect of social networks on changing personality traits of students of Islamic Azad University, West Tehran Branch

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saeed tavakkoli 1
  • Mohammad hadi Mansour lakoorej 2
1 Master of Social Communication Sciences, Islamic Azad University, West Tehran Branch, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Faculty Member, Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study examines the effect of social networks on changing the personality traits of students of Islamic Azad University, West Tehran Branch. The statistical population of this study included master's degree students of Azad University, West Tehran Branch. According to Morgan's table, 260 individuals were selected by means of a simple random sampling method. Data collection tools and information tools in this study included a social media researcher-made questionnaire and Goldberg's (1999) Personality Characteristics Questionnaire. The findings of this study showed that 47% of the explanations for variance related to the change of personality traits of students of Islamic Azad University, West Tehran Branch are affected by social networks. Also, the results of regression analysis of constant value and coefficient of variables of usage rate, type of use and level of trust in users were 0.222, 0.295, 0.174 and 0.423 respectively, and according to the statistical value of t-test and significant level less than 0.05 the presence of constant value of regression coefficients and coefficients of variables of usage, type of use and level of trust in users were confirmed. The results of this study showed that social networks have an effect on changing the personality traits of students of Islamic Azad University, West Tehran Branch.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • personality traits
  • virtual social networks
  • Students
Costa Jr, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1988). From catalog to classification: Murray's needs and the five-factor model. Journal of personality and social psychology, 55(2), 258.

Darbyshire, D., Kirk, C., Wall, H. J., & Kaye, L. K. (2016). Don't Judge a (Face) Book by its Cover: Exploring judgement accuracy of others' personality on Facebook. Computers in Human Behavior58, 380-387.

Goldberg, L. R. (1999). A broad-bandwidth, public domain, personality inventory measuring the lower-level facets of several five-factor models. Personality psychology in Europe7(1), 7-28.

Giddens, A. (2016). Modernity and individuality: society and personal identity in the new age. Translated by Nasser Mofaghian. Tehran: Ney Publishing. (In Persian).

Hamburger, Y. A., & Ben-Artzi, E. (2000). The relationship between extraversion and neuroticism and the different uses of the Internet. Computers in human behavior16(4), 441-449.

Hosseini, F. S; Darvish, K. (2015). The role of personality traits and dimensions of family parenting in the self-extinction and self-criticism of adolescents. Women's and Family Cultural-Educational Quarterly. Volume 10. Number.32 (In Persian).

Hawkins, D. I., & Mothersbaugh, D. L. (2010). Consumer behavior: Building marketing strategy. Boston: McGraw-Hill Irwin,.

Khorramai, F. (2005). Investigating the causal model of personality traits, motivational orientation and cognitive styles. PhD Thesis, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Shiraz University. (In Persian).

Mojarradi, V., Eslami, A., Jamal, S. (2014). Studying the Status of use of Virtual Social Network among the Students in Northern Khorasan province. AppliedResearchBureau of the police force of northern khorasan, 1(4), 85-99. (In Persian).

Muscanell, N. L., & Guadagno, R. E. (2012). Make new friends or keep the old: Gender and personality differences in social networking use. Computers in Human Behavior28(1), 107-112.

Poorreza Karimsara, N. (2015). The Impact of Media on Social Networks and Social Action. Interdisciplinary Studies in Media and Culture, 4(8), 55-72. (In Persian).

Rezapour, R., Zakeri, M., Entesar Foumani, G. (2018). The Relationship between the Use of Virtual Social Networks, Perception of Social Interactions, Narcissism, and Positive Feelings toward Spouse among Couples Using Social Networks. Quarterly Journal of Family and Research, 15(1), 57-78. (In Persian).

Rios, S. A., Aguilera, F., Nuñez-Gonzalez, J. D., & Graña, M. (2019). Semantically enhanced network analysis for influencer identification in online social networks. Neurocomputing326, 71-81.

Ross, C., Orr, E. S., Sisic, M., Arseneault, J. M., Simmering, M. G., & Orr, R. R. (2009). Personality and motivations associated with Facebook use. Computers in human behavior25(2), 578-586.

Ryan, T., & Xenos, S. (2011). Who uses Facebook? An investigation into the relationship between the Big Five, shyness, narcissism, loneliness, and Facebook usage. Computers in human behavior27(5), 1658-1664.

Rouhi, So: Davoodi,H., (2016). A Study of the Role of Social Networks on the Incidence of Divorce in 20- to 30-Year-Old Couples in Hamadan Province in the First Six Months, Third World Conference on Psychology and Educational Sciences, Law and Social Sciences at the Beginning of the Third Millennium, Shiraz. (In Persian).

Shchebetenko, S. (2019). Do personality characteristics explain the associations between self-esteem and online social networking behaviour?. Computers in Human Behavior91, 17-23.

Skues, J. L., Williams, B., & Wise, L. (2012). The effects of personality traits, self-esteem, loneliness, and narcissism on Facebook use among university students. Computers in Human Behavior28(6), 2414-2419.

Vadodi, E., Delavar, A. (2015). Studying Virtual Networks Effects on Changing the Young’s Personality Characteristics. Educational Psychology, 11(35), 4144-65. (In Persian).

Wansink, B., & Park, S. B. (2000). Methods and measures that profile heavy users. Journal of Advertising Research40(4), 61-72.

Wu, T. T. (2014). Using smart mobile devices in social-network-based health education practice: a learning behavior analysis. Nurse education today34(6), 958-963.