تاثیر آموزش موسیقی بر بهزیستی روانشناختی دانش آموزان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشجوی دکتری تکنولوژی آموزشی دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی تهران ایران

چکیده

مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی نقش آموزش موسیقی بر بهزیستی روانشناختی دانش آموزان انجام شد. روش این پژوهش علی- مقایسه‌ای بود و جامعه آماری این پژوهش را دانش آموزان مقطع متوسطه شهرستان تنکابن در سال تحصیلی 99-1398 تشکیل می دادند. روش نمونه گیری از نوع هدفمند بود که تعداد 100 دانش آموز در دو گروه هنرجوی موسیقی و عادی جای گرفتند. ابزار سنجش در این پژوهش، مقیاس بهزیستی روان شناختی ریف (1989) بود. نتایج این مطالعه نشان داد میانگین رتبه های بهزیستی روانشناختی هنرجویان برابر 16/71 و برای غیرهنرجویان برابر 84/29 می باشد و مقدار آزمون Z برابر 123/7 در سطح 01/0 معنی دار است. بنابراین، آموزش موسیقی بر بهزیستی روانشناختی دانش آموزان تاثیر داشته است (01/0>P). می توان با گنجاندن برنامه های آموزش موسیقی به عنوان یک برنامه درسی مستقل، در جهت افزایش شاخص های سلامت روان دانش آموزان گام برداشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of music education on students' psychological well-being

نویسنده [English]

  • Javad Mehraban
PhD Student of Educational Technology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study was conducted to investigate the role of music education on students' psychological well-being. The method of this study was causal - comparative, and the statistical population of this study was Tonekabon high school students in the academic year of 2009-2010. The sampling method was targeted, with 100 students in two groups of music and normal students. The measurement tool in this study was Reef's psychological well-being scale (1989). The results of this study showed that the average rank of psychological well-being of students is equal to 71.61 and of non-students is equal to 29.84, and the Z test value is equal to 7.123 at the level of 0.01significance. Thus, music education has had an effect on students' psychological well-being (P <0.01). By including music education programs as an independent curriculum, steps can be taken to promote the students' mental health indicators.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Psychological Well-Being
  • Reef model
  • Music education
  • mental health
Akin, A. (2008). The Scales of Psychological Well-Being: A Study of Validity and Reliability. Educational sciences: Theory and practice8(3), 741-750.

Alami, Z; Khankeh, H; Dalvandi, A; Zadeh Mohammadi, A; Rezasoltani, P (2014). The effect of music on the quality of sleep of elderly men, members of Isfahan Oil Retirees Association in 2012. Elderly nursing. 1 (1). 63-55. (In Persian)

Bruffaerts, R., Mortier, P., Kiekens, G., Auerbach, R. P., Cuijpers, P., Demyttenaere, K., ... & Kessler, R. C. (2018). Mental health problems in college freshmen: Prevalence and academic functioning. Journal of affective disorders225, 97-103.

Cratsley, K., & Mackey, T. K. (2018). Health policy brief: Global mental health and the United Nations’ sustainable development goals.

Eshaghnia, M., EbrahemiGhavam, S., Delavar, A., & Borjali, A. H. (2014). Studying the Relationship between Self-efficacy and Psychological Well-being Components. Journal of Educational and Management Studies4(2), 228-231.

Farkhondehzadeh M, Gohari Fakhrabad M.2018. The position of music therapy in the medical texts of Muslims with reviewing an ancient treatise. jiitm.;9 (2):121-134. (In Persian). http://jiitm.ir/article-1-966-fa.html

Geulayov, G., Casey, D., McDonald, K. C., Foster, P., Pritchard, K., Wells, C., ... & Hawton, K. (2018). Incidence of suicide, hospital-presenting non-fatal self-harm, and community-occurring non-fatal self-harm in adolescents in England (the iceberg model of self-harm): a retrospective study. The Lancet Psychiatry5(2), 167-174.

Hashemi, S; Zakeri Moghadam, M (2012). A comparative study of the effect of muscle relaxation and music therapy on patients' anxiety levels awaiting cardiac catheterization. Cardiovascular care. 1 (4). 30-22.. (In Persian).

Jafari H, Bagheri-Nesami M, Abdoli -Nejad M R.2016. The Effect of Quran Recitation and Religious Music on Mental and Physical Health: A Review Article. Clin Exc ; 4 (2) :1-14. (In Persian). http://ce.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-185-fa.html.

Kidger, J., Heron, J., Lewis, G., Evans, J., & Gunnell, D. (2012). Adolescent self-harm and suicidal thoughts in the ALSPAC cohort: a self-report survey in England. BMC psychiatry12(1), 69.

Melftat, Gh; Khair, M. (2012). The relationship between students 'perceptions of parents' motivational and behavioral style and psychological well-being in them. Psychology. 16 (3). 298-282. (In Persian). http://jsli.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1490_9f59ee9fc1c591dee0fa2c330a5b6fc7.pdf

Noor Mohammadi, F; Ashayeri, H; Afrooz, Gh. A; Kamkari, K (2019). The effectiveness of neuropsychological music intervention on the psychological well-being of women with multiple sclerosis. Rehabilitation. 20 (1). 85-74.. (In Persian)

Navidi, A.A; Ghasemi Soleimani, K (2003). Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Traditional and Modern Medicine Methods. Tehran: Tabib Publications. (In Persian)

Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of personality and social psychology57(6), 1069.

Sisask, M., Värnik, P., Värnik, A., Apter, A., Balazs, J., Balint, M., ... & Feldman, D. (2014). Teacher satisfaction with school and psychological well-being affects their readiness to help children with mental health problems. Health Education Journal73(4), 382-393.

Schmidt Peters, Jacqueline (2010). Introduction to Music Therapy: Music Therapy for Everyone. Translated by Alizadeh Mohammadi. Tehran: Secrets of Knowledge. (In Persian).

Thaut, M., & Hoemberg, V. (Eds.). (2014). Handbook of neurologic music therapy. Oxford University Press (UK).

World Health Organization. (2017). Depression and other common mental disorders: global health estimates.

Wyatt, T. J., Oswalt, S. B., & Ochoa, Y. (2017). Mental Health and Academic Performance of First-Year College Students. International Journal of Higher Education6(3), 178-187.

Zhang, L., Yang, Y., Liu, Z. Z., Jia, C. X., & Liu, X. (2018). Sleep disturbance mediates the association between intrafamily conflict and mental health problems in Chinese adolescents. Sleep medicine46, 74-80.